Bactericidal Efficacy of Oxidized Silver against Biofilms Formed by Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens

Authors

  • Michael W. Harding1,*, Lyriam L. R. Marques2, Nick Allan3, Merle E. Olson3, Brenton Buziak4, Patricia Nadworny4, Amin Omar4,5, Ronald J. Howard6, Jie Feng7

Keywords:

bacterial, bactericide, bean, biofilm, EC50

Abstract

Bacterial wilt is a re-emerging disease on dry bean and can affect many other crop species within the Fabaceae. The causal agent, Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens (CFF), is a small, Gram-positive, rod-shaped bacterium that is seed-transmitted. Infections in the host become systemic, leading to wilting and economic loss. Clean seed programs and bactericidal seed treatments are two critical management tools. This study characterizes the efficacies of five bactericidal chemicals against CFF. It was hypothesized that this bacterium was capable of forming biofilms, and that the cells within biofilms would be more tolerant to bactericidal treatments. The minimum biocide eradication concentration assay protocol was used to grow CFF biofilms, expose the biofilms to bactericides, and enumerate survivors compared to a non-treated control (water). Streptomycin and oxysilver bisulfate had EC95 values at the lowest concentrations and are likely the best candidates for seed treatment products for controlling seed-borne bacterial wilt of bean. The results showed that CFF formed biofilms during at least two phases of the bacterial wilt disease cycle, and the biofilms were much more difficult to eradicate than their planktonic counterparts. Overall, biofilm formation by CFF is an important part of the bacterial wilt disease cycle in dry edible bean and antibiofilm bactericides such as streptomycin and oxysilver bisulfate may be best suited for use in disease management.

 

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Published

2022-09-06

How to Cite

Michael W. Harding1,*, Lyriam L. R. Marques2, Nick Allan3, Merle E. Olson3, Brenton Buziak4, Patricia Nadworny4, Amin Omar4,5, Ronald J. Howard6, Jie Feng7. (2022). Bactericidal Efficacy of Oxidized Silver against Biofilms Formed by Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens. The Plant Pathology Journal, 38(4), 334–344. Retrieved from https://ppj-online.org/index.php/PPJ/article/view/1029

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