Evaluation of Antimicrobial Properties of Lichen Substances against Plant Pathogens
Keywords:antimicrobial, biopesticide, lecanoric acid, usnic acid, vulpinic acid
AbstractPlant pathogens pose major threats on agriculture and horticulture, causing significant economic loss worldwide. Due to the continuous and excessive use of synthetic pesticides, emergence of pesticide resistant pathogens has become more frequent. Thus, there is a growing needs for environmentally-friendly and selective antimicrobial agents with a novel mode of action, which may be used in combination with conventional pesticides to delay development of pesticide resistance. In this study, we evaluated the potentials of lichen substances as novel biopesticides against eight bacterial and twelve fungal plant pathogens that have historically caused significant phytopathological problems in South Korea. Eight lichen substances of diverse chemical origins were extracted from axenic culture or dried specimen, and further purified for comparative analysis of their antimicrobial properties. Usnic acid and vulpinic acid exhibited strong antibacterial activities against Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis. In addition, usnic acid and vulpinic acid were highly effective in the growth inhibition of fungal pathogens, such as Diaporthe eres, D. actinidiae, and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Intriguingly, the growth of Rhizoctonia solani was specifically inhibited by lecanoric acid, indicating that lichen substances exhibit some degrees of selectivity to plant pathogens. These results suggested that lichen substance can be used as a selective biopesticide for controlling plant disease of agricultural and horticultural significance, minimizing possible emergence of pesticide resistant pathogens in fields.
How to Cite
Jaycee A. Paguirigan1,2, Rundong Liu1, Seong Mi Im1, Jae-Seoun Hur1,*, Wonyong Kim1,*. (2022). Evaluation of Antimicrobial Properties of Lichen Substances against Plant Pathogens. The Plant Pathology Journal, 38(1), 25–32. Retrieved from https://ppj-online.org/index.php/PPJ/article/view/3